The compound microscope, also known as the compound light microscope, belongs to the original family of optical microscopes for science, research and biological studies.
Earlier styles of compound microscopes relyed on a focused mirror reflected light to illuminate the subject from the underneath as opposed to the more modern active illumination source of an electric light bulb or similar were referred to as a compound light microscope.
The common compound microscope in any of it's styles performs the basic duty of magnifying the subject for further investigation and detailed observation.
The compound works by adding magnifications inline with one-another. The effect of multiplied magnification enables this type of compound microscope to offer more powerful magnification - typically 40X to 1000X in the standard single eyepiece minocular and 40X to 2000X in dual eyepiece biological binocular compound microscope. This is the most recognisable of all microscope types with varying magnifications (lenses) mounted on a spindle for easy rotation and selection - though some require replacement of a single lens. We have a range of the best price compound microscopes for sale right here in our online store.
One of the most concise and clear explanations of the simple compound light microscope for sale you will ever see and all in under 3 minutes. A quick, clean and direct overview of this type of compound microscope that can teach you all about the parts of a compound light microscope in an easily to follow presentation by Andrew Piper of Oxley College, located in Australia.
After you have selected the microscope you wish to buy, don't forget to add the standard microscope accessories of the glass microscope slide and slide cover slips so you can get started in the amazing world of biology straight away.
Drawing of cork cells published by Robert Hooke in 1665.
In the early days of microscopy an English scientist, Robert Hooke, decided to examine thin slices of plant material. He chose cork as one of his examples.
Looking down the microscope, he was struck by the regular appearance of the structure, and in 1665 he wrote a book containing the diagram shown in Figure 1.2. If you examine the diagram you will see the 'pore-like' regular structures that Hooke called cells'.
Each cell appeared to be an empty box surrounded by a wall. Hooke had discovered and described, without realising it, the fundamental unit of all living things.
Although we now know that the cells of cork are dead, further observations of cells in living materials were made by Hooke and other scientists. However, it was not until almost 200 years later that a general cell theory emerged from the work of two German scientists.
In 1838 Schleiden, a botanist, suggested that all plants are made of cells, and a year later Schwann, a zoologist, suggested the same for animals. The cell theory states that the basic unit of structure and function of all living organisms is the cell.
Now, over 170 years later, this idea is one of the most familiar and important theories in biology. To it has been added Virchows theory of 1855 that all cells arise from pre-existing cells by cell division.